Before modern technology, the music industry consisted of live shows and word of mouth. As technology progressed, the music industry has gained new opportunities for exposure. A few decades ago, it had to go to great lengths to get their product to the masses. Now, we can have music at our fingertips anytime we choose. It gets ever more creative in its advances to meet the needs of their fans.
Phonographs were possibly the earliest form of media the music industry had available to market to society. Invented in 1877, phonographs played record, which were large, and hard to store. For their time, phonographs were revolutionary. They allowed people to play music anytime they wanted in the comfort of their own home. In 1897 the first radio station was invented. Radios didn’t become widespread until much later, so it wasn’t much changed at that time. Live performances were still the main form of delivery for the music industry. Big bands were often found performing at music clubs, drawing large crowds. With the invention of talking motion pictures, much of the popularity of live music shows died out. It rebounded, putting all their energy into record sales and syndicated radio shows. In the mid 1950s, transistor radios allowed music lovers to carry their music with them, furthering the music industries’ ability to reach their fans.
It wasn’t until 1964 that the industry saw a leap in music media technology. Until then, record sales had been popular, but society was demanding a more portable form of recorded music. 1964 brought the 8 track tape into the music industry. 8 tracks were a big boost for the music industry because they were more durable and easier to carry than a record. 8 track tapes could be played at home or in the car. In the early 1970s, the cassette tape began to replace 8 tracks as the primary media for the music industry. Cassette tapes were smaller, more durable, and better quality than 8 tracks. For the next 20 years, cassette tapes allowed it to mass produce more music than ever before. Fans had musical freedom to carry their choice of music nearly everywhere with them after the invention of the Sony Walkman in the late 1970s. Both radio and cassettes could be played directly into headphones with the Walkman, revolutionizing the way people listened to music. In the early 1980s, compact discs once again changed the way we listened to music. Compact discs had a clearer sound quality than cassette disks, and they were much smaller to store. Compact discs are still popular, but the most recent advance in technology to benefit this industry is the internet. Downloading music is now one of the most common ways for people to support the music industry. Music can be downloaded to cell phones, mp3 players, and I Pods.
Surfing and the environment
Surfing and other water sports are some of the most exhilarating and rewarding activities on the planet. There are few sports that are so connected and dependent on the environment as surfing. And it’s no big secret that one of the most natural sports ironically has a different side. The equipment that surfers use, mainly a wetsuit and surfboard, are constructed from man made materials that are highly toxic in nature.
Not until the 1950’s was the cold water wetsuit born in Northern California USA. Jack O’Neill, a surfer who declared he just wanted to surf longer in colder temperatures designed and developed the first neoprene wetsuits as we know it. Neoprene is the core construction of wetsuits and the material is an oil based synthetic rubber. This form is formed with very small layers of bubbles that are filled with nitrogen gas and sealed. The combination of synthetic rubber and nitrogen layered bubbles posses very high thermal and insulation properties and are the foundations of the modern wetsuit.
Latest advancements in wetsuit technology
Neoprene has come along way since it’s invention in California. Synthetic rubber alone is a very good insulator with high thermal properties however the down side of this was it’s lack of flexibility and robustness. It was common place for early wetsuit to tare and ripe when taking them on and off. The problem was finding a balance between optimum warmth and comfort and flexibility. Technology progressed by combining the synthetic rubber with other materials such as spandex or lycra to provide a more supple and stretchy material that would be easier to put on and off but also make the neoprene stronger, providing less restriction to the user. As new materials are found and tested neoprene is reaching unparalleled levels of flex. manufacturers are utilising panelling more and more with the design allowing for different composites of neoprene to be positioned were required. For instance the more flexible lighter weight neoprene is located at the arms, shoulders and legs where are the thicker, heavier neoprene is located at the front and back body area’s to minimise heat loss.
It’s become very clear that when technology advances, so do mouse buttons. For instance, a long time ago there were mice with only one button. A second button scurried after the first; our lives became easier with the ability to right-click. A short time later, a third button was found to be necessary. After a while, the wheel was invented.
At the current rate of progression, I’m quite sure that there will soon be more mouse buttons and more wheels. As to what they will do, I remain uncertain on that point. I was arguing with a friend last week about the subject of a button addition. He believes that with a fourth mouse button, one will be able to update his computer software. I argued with his prediction. I felt, and still do, that at the current rate of technological progression, a fourth button will perform an action much more impressive than simply updating software. I firmly believe that a fourth button will either cause a pizza to be delivered to one’s door, or pop up a dialog box which states how many light bulbs to buy next time one goes shopping.
After the fourth button comes into existence, I foresee more wheels being added. Honestly, I don’t see the need for ever having more than four wheels. After the four button/four mouse wheel is accepted into society, technology must further advance – as it always has and always will. The mouse will need to have more capacity. The wheels will be made larger, and inevitably the buttons will become doors. People will be able to ride in them to visit neighbors and family members to engage in conversation. Once this has happened, a communication device will be installed into the mice – or installed near the mouse inside a home. The communication device will allow people to call ahead before a visit, or to notify people if their mouse breaks down and can’t visit at the appointed time.
Present-day technology has changed development in a lot of ways. People have often been on a way of movement, yet on account of technology. Some of the technology progresses has turned into a necessity of life because of their significance and our dependence on them.
One of the regions where present-day technology is most essential is in the domain of correspondence. Long back, speaking with people outside your prompt area was a troublesome procedure, requiring correspondence by physical letter and a much measure of tolerance. The Internet has made long separations practically straightforward, permitting clients to relate with people on the opposite side of the planet in a moment. Technology has additionally expanded our availability, with mobile phones and different gadgets.
Technological proficiency is essential for most business positions in the modern work climate. Internet-based faxing, laser printers, networked computers and advanced phone systems are common devices in businesses of all sizes and have become the standard norm in all modern day business operations. Moreover, the industrial sector has become the foundation of technological progression as the majority of tasks can now be automated. With the industrial workplace being revolutionized by technology, as humans we simply can’t compete with machines, they beat us on nearly all fronts. Rifkin, a well known activist on such matters, addresses the issues that may be faced within future of our jobs. He maintains that machines and computers have taken over nowadays, ergo, the end of work is near. Due to the speed and efficiency of technology, Rifkin maintains that productivity is rising over time, yet the value of labour is depreciating. Thus, this devaluation of work is problematic. That being said, this brings light to the discussion topic of technological unemployment, often referred to as the Luddite Fallacy.
The adoption of labor displacing technologies as mentioned above can generally be classified under mechanization, automation, and process improvement. Mechanization and automation involve transferring tasks from humans to machines. Process improvement involves the elimination of tasks altogether. In essence, with the combination of all three elements a task is removed from a workforce in turn decreasing employment.
This brings rise to many arguments with opposing views which states that there is a negative correlation with technological change and unemployment. Many like Jeremy Rifkin believe that the road to a near-workerless economy is within sight. However when assessing Rifkin’s arguments, I find a few points troubling and many factors are not being taken into account. Although convincing to people who have suffered job loss due to automation and computers, I contend that there is more hope than Rifkin sees. What I see is that our era is becoming extremely competitive and is causing more people to return to school or to pursue higher education in order to keep up with the competition. Although this short-term occurrence of pursuing one`s education is not supplying much to our economy, once these people graduate, many countries will have a higher rate of people that are tapped into the innovations of the Information Age.